Biological Nitrogen Removal Database

A manually curated data resource for microbial nitrogen removal

Detailed information


Uncultured archaeon clone R2-b4


  • Phylum : nan
  • Class : nan
  • Order :nan
  • Family : nan
  • Genus : nan

Electron Acceptor


Electron Donor


Information about Article

Reference:Lu et al., 2018

Title:Long-term nitrate removal through methane-dependent denitrification microorganisms in sequencing batch reactors fed with only nitrate and methane

Pubmed ID: 29961200

Pubmed link:Link

Full research link:Link

Abstract: Denitrifying anaerobic methane oxidation (damo) bioprocesses can remove nitrate using methane as the electron donor, which gains great concern due to the current stringent discharge standard of nitrogen in wastewater treatment plants. To obtain an engineering acceptable nitrogen removal rate (NRR) and demonstrate the long-term stable ability of damo system under conditions of nitrate and methane, two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) fed with only nitrate and methane were operated for more than 600 days at 30 °C. The NRR of 21.91 ± 0.73 mg NO3−-N L−1 day−1 was obtained which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest rate observed in the literatures under such conditions. The temperature was found to significantly affect the system performance. Furthermore, the microbial community was analyzed by using real-time PCR technique. The results showed that the microbial consortium contained damo archaea and bacteria. These two microbes cooperated to maintain the long-term stability. And the number of damo archaea was higher than that of damo bacteria with the ratio of 1.77. By using methane as the electron donor, damo archaea reduced nitrate to nitrite coupled to methane oxidation and damo bacteria reduce the generated nitrite to nitrogen gas. The first step of nitrate to nitrite taken by damo archaea might be the limiting step of this cooperation system. SBR could be a suitable reactor configuration to enrich slow-growing microbes like damo culture. These results demonstrated the potential application of damo processes for nitrogen removal of wastewater containing low C/N ratios.